Jeff T. Jefferson Parker
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Considering Joaquin Murrieta


     California schoolchildren grow up with stories of Joaquin Murrieta -- the famous bandit who terrorized the state until he was shot and beheaded in 1853.

     There's a famous drawing of Joaquin in which his eyes are big and his long black hair is writhing like a head full of snakes and the menace in him is palpable.

     Having traveled up and down the state since my childhood, I've noted dozens of places claiming that "Joaquin Murrieta slept here," or "Joaquin Murrieta robbed this establishment," or "Joaquin Murrieta used this location as a secret hideaway," and the like.

     There's a famous poster, which is still reproduced and often seen in California roadhouses and biker bars and museums, with the unforgettable headline at the top:

                     THE HEAD

             of the renowned bandit


       To Be Exhibited at the Stockton House

          August 19, 1853 -- Admission $1


     And of course, below the headline there's a crude illustration of a man's head preserved in a jar of alcohol.

     I can tell you, that as a schoolboy, this poster got my undivided attention.  My schoolboy texts called Murrieta a murderer and a horse thief.  They suggested that he was a charmer and seducer of women.  They all implied -- or stated -- that Murrieta was a homicidal madman and deserved to have his severed head exhibited.

     The trouble is, when you start looking for facts about this man's life, they're hard to come by.  It's like trying to catch smoke in your hand.

     My impressive New Encyclopedia of the American West, published by Yale University, offers this opening line in its article on Joaquin:

     "The existence of Joaquin Murieta, at least as the person to whom many murders and thefts were attributed in Gold Rush California, remains questionable to many historians."

     Well, thanks.  They don't even spell his name right.  This encyclopedia goes on to say that if the Joaquin Murrieta of folklore really did exist, he was born in either Mexico or Chile, died in either 1853 or 1878.  They say he was probably one of FIVE Joaquins named by the California State Legislature to be hunted down by legendary Texas Ranger Harry Love for their alleged felonies against the people of California.   

     But author Walter Noble Burns wrote a biography about Joaquin, The Robin Hood of El Dorado, in which young Joaquin was portrayed as a much-maligned Mexican who bore the brunt of Anglo fear and racism. 

     Other writers posited that Joaquin was a good and honest man who was turned into an avenging devil after his beautiful young wife was raped as he watched, and his brother was hung for stealing a horse that he actually didn't steal, and Joaquin himself was brutally horsewhipped.

     Some claim he was never beheaded, and the head in the jar belonged to another Joaquin, or perhaps to a man not named Joaquin at all. 

     Some claim his head was taken by thieves, or lost in the San Francisco earthquake.

     In short, the more you try to find out about Joaquin the less you know for sure.

     Sad?  Not really.

     For thus is fired the imagination.

     And I asked myself...what if Joaquin had a descendent who was alive today? 

     And what if Joaquin's head was not lost in an earthquake but rather stolen by his grandchildren and smuggled down through generations of Murrietas, to end up in a barn belonging to this descendent?

     What if his diary was in the barn, too?

     And his guns?

     And what if his outlaw spirit still burned in the heart of this modern-day descendent?

     And what if this great-great-great-great-great-great grandchild decided to stoke the legend of Murrieta again, to continue where Joaquin had left off -- to become an outlaw, just like him?

     What if she were a beautiful young schoolteacher?

     What if the opening words of L.A. Outlaws were:

     "Here's the deal.  I'm a direct descendent of the outlaw Joaquin Murrieta."

     Would you believe her, or not?

T. Jefferson Parker